2.3 Academic formats and styles

Iida, P., Ruegg, R., de Boer, M., Araki, N., & Agnello, M. F. (2021). The Concise APA Handbook: APA 7th edition. Information Age Publishing.

It’s important to distinguish the APA bibliographic style, which only define how to format bibliographic references, and the APA style guidelines, which define both formatting rules in setting, typography, spelling, etc. for scientific manuscripts (typically those submitted to APA journals) as well as gold-standard recommendations for the presentation of scientific results.

APA bibliographic style

APA style guidelines for manuscripts

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