2.1. Summarizing the literature
For contrasting theoretical perspectives on different issues.
Author/Tradition1 Author/Tradition2 Author/Tradition3 Aspect1 What this author or this theoretical tradition has to say about this aspect. What about Author 2? Author 3 thinks otherwise… Aspect2 Aspect3
Contrasting empirical studies
- Understanding empirical results
- Statistical significance and p-value
- Effect size
Summary Table of Studies
To summarize the main characteristics and findings of empirical studies.
Reference Study design Sample Intervention Dep. variable Outcome measure Main findings Ellis & Doe, 2015 Experimental $N=26$ Tasks vs. exercises Speaking Speech rate (# words/min) Sig. effect, $d=0.54$ Martin, 2010 … Pink et al, 2011 …
Advanced example (in medical research): NIH summary of clinical trials on Ivermectin as a treatment for COVID-19
Other random examples: